On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry

Sabrina Lei 

ABSTRACT

Muhammad Iqbal is widely known in the East and the West as a poet, though he was a finest philosopher, his role in the field is generally assumed to be marginal in relation to his intellectual life. Iqbal’s thought, as it has been expressed in the seven lectures published under the title The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, represents the mature reflections of a thinker who, in the course of his scholarly life, was deeply engaged in the dialogue between the Western intellectual and philosophical experience and the religious and philosophical premises of Islamic thought. Although in his philosophical masterpiece, Iqbal discusses several issues and subjects belonging to both Western and Eastern thought, the central topic of his reflections, however, seems to be related to the possibility of
a new philosophical approach based on the Quranic revelation that could represent a starting point not only of a new phase in the Islamic thought but also in the history of Western philosophy as well. As Iqbal states in several passages of the Reconstruction, the attempt to interpret the Quran in the light of the Greek philosophy not only prevented Muslim thinkers from understanding the core of the Quranic message but also resulted in a complete refutation of philosophy by some of the most brilliant Muslim thinkers. It is due to this reason that the relation between Islamic thought and philosophy is until now appears as quite problematic. The new approach delineated by Iqbal could actually help Muslim thinkers, who are interested in overcoming the problematic role of philosophy in Islamic worldview, to formulate a new philosophical language and grammar based on the Quranic text.

Keywords
Muhammad Iqbal, Islamic Philosophy, Tawhid, Qadar, Metaphysics, Islamic Theology.
  • REFERENCES
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Details  
Primary Language English
Subjects Philosophy
Journal Section Research Article
Author Sabrina Lei
Orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8085-9955
Quote  
ISNAD Lei, Sabrina. “On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry”. International Research Journal of Islamic Civilization 1/2 (2021): 67-89.
APA Lei, Sabrina (2021). On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry. International Research Journal of Islamic Civilization, 1 (2), 67-89.
IEEE S. Lei, “On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry”, International Research Journal of Islamic Civilization, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 67-89, May 2021.
CHICAGO Lei, S. “On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry”. International Research Journal of Islamic Civilization, 2 (2021): 67-89.
Vancouver Lei S. On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry. International Research Journal of Islamic Civilization. 2021; 1 (2): 67-89.
AMA Lei S. On the New Philosophical Perspective Proposed by Muhammad Iqbal in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam: A Brief Inquiry. IRJIC. 2021; 1 (2): 67-89.